New France Bouchers
From France to Quebec
Orne Region, France
The Boucher family came to Quebec from Orne, France. The line goes back to 1479, when Jehan Boucher was born at Paris. His son, Jean, born in Paris in 1500, married Jehanne Bournier. They both died in Geneva, Switzerland - why they were in Geneva is a mystery. Their son, Jean, born in 1521 in Paris, married Francoise Roussin at Tourouvre, where Francoise had been born.
View of Saint-Langis-les-Mortagne from Boucher Home
The Boucher family lived in Mortagne for two more generations. The family then relocated to Quebec. Marin Boucher was born about 1587 at St. Jean de Mortagne Parish according to the 1666-1667 census. He married twice, firstly to Julienne Baril, daughter of Jean Baril, of "La Barre", in the parish of Saint-Langis in February, 1611. The family lived at La Barre, which Julienne had inherited from her parents. It had originally been owned by her great grandfather. The family lived at La Barre for many generations.
La Barre, original Boucher house
La Barre today consists of three houses joined together through the centuries as the family grew. The first house was built before 1525, and that is where the Marin Bouchers lived.
Marin and Julienne had seven children between 1611 and 1625. Julienne died on December 15, 1627, and is buried at Saint-Langis. Marin was left with at least five children and he felt it was imperative he remarry so he had somebody to help him with the children. He married Perrine Mallet, who was only 17. Marin was either 40 or 41 so there was quite an age difference. Perrine came from Courgeon. They had two sons, baptised in 1630 and 1633 at Saint-Langis. On January 13, 1633, Marin and Perrine purchased about an acre of land at La Barre with an inheritance that Perrine had received from her maternal grandfather. This indicated that in 1633 Marin had no intention of leaving France but opportunity knocked.
Marin emigrated to New France with the Robert Giffard group, departing from the port of Dieppe in April 1634. The settlement of New France was administered by "The 100 Associates", venture capitalists who invested in the fur trade - Robert Giffard was a member of this group. King Louis XIV allowed this venture to take place as long as the Associates brought settlers to Canada as well. The company granted land to seigneurs, who were required to bring settlers to their areas. Marin arrived in New France in August of 1634 with his second wife and three sons. Five daughters from his first marriage to Julienne Baril remained in France. It is assumed that La Barre had been left to Julienne's daughters - she had inherited it from her parents.
Marin was a mason and he lived right in the colony, so a great deal of the construction was entrusted to him. In 1666, the census indicates that Marin was 77 or 78 years old and his second wife was 61. Two of their sons lived with them, Louis-Marin and Guillaume, who was only 19. Their other children maintained their own residences nearby. Marin had been instrumental in assisting Champlain in building the colony and the city of Beauport, and Champlain was so appreciative that he left Marin "the last suit that I had made from material which I got at the store". Marin died on March 29, 1671, at the age of 84. In all, Marin and Perrine had about 11 children and left many descendents throughout North America.
Beauport, New France
Francois, the son of Marin and his first wife, Julienne, was born November 22, 1617 at St. Langis les Mortagne, Orne, Normandy, France. At the age of 18 he moved to New France with Marin. He married Florence Gareman on September 3, 1641, at Quebec City. Florence was born in 1629 at Baigneaux, Soissons, France, and emigrated to New France with her parents, Pierre Gareman dit le Picard and Madeleine Charlot.
Florence's father saw conflict with the Iroquois many times, firstly when he tried to settled at Portneuf in 1640. The Iroquois League/Confederacy, or the Five Nations, were comprised of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca nations. The Iroquois refer to themselves as the Haudenosaunee, or "People of the Longhouse". Pierre Gareman left Portneuf but later returned and tried to settle there again, but again met up with the Iroquois. Pierre decided it was too risky to stay in the area as he saw his buildings burned and suffered financial losses the first time he was there. Also, there was no military in the area to protect the settlers. In 1652 he was granted land by the Compagnie des Cent-Associes on the St. Lawrence River (4 arpents wide, 12 1/2 arpents deep, later increasing to 50 arpents). He sold the land, and later lived at Cap Rouge. His son, Charles, who was 8 years old, was killed by the Iroquois. He had been working in the fields when he was shot three times, then scalped. A neighbour of Pierre Gareman was captured, along with his son, Charles (age 8) and another man and, as the Iroqois didn't approve of letting yourself be captured, submitted the three men to much torture, then killed them.
Fragile Trust, by Robert Griffing
The children of Francois and Florence were Benoir, born 1645, Pierre, born 1649, Denis, born 1660, Michel, born 1662, Marie, born 1663, Francois, born 1664, and Charles, born 1658. Francois died on the 16th of May, 1672, and Florence died July 23, 1686, at Sillery, Quebec.
Charles dit Desroches Boucher
Charles Boucher was born to Francois Boucher and Florence Gareman on April 4, 1658, at Quebec City. He married Marguerite Agnes dit Antaya Pelletier on May 7, 1685, at Sorel, Quebec. They had 10 children. Their youngest, Jean-Baptiste, was born on October 30, 1708, at Ile Dupas, Quebec.