Albert Farly and
Albert was born on August 2, 1755, at Fort Michilimackinac at the beginning of the Seven Years' War. He was baptised by Father LeFranc.
Even though Albert was born at Fort Michilimackinac, it appears that he lived most of his life in the province of Quebec.
The battle that saw New France lost to the British took place on September 13, 1759, on the Plains of Abraham. It is known as the Battle of Quebec, and was faught on a plateau just outside the walls of Quebec City. This battle ended a three-month siege by the British, and lasted less than 15 minutes. The French and British generals that led the troops were both killed in the encounter. There were several battles after this throughout Quebec, but the British did not give up their hold on Quebec City. The British stubbornly held onto other areas in North America as well and within four years nearly all of France's possessions in eastern North America would be ceded to Great Britain.
Albert married Marie-Joseph in Montreal on February 13, 1775, when he was 19 and she was 22 PRDH 213426. Albert's residence was listed as the parish of L'Ile-Dupas, and Marie Josephe's residence was Montreal. They had nine children, Albert Farly (1776-1777), Philippe Albert (1777-1777), Pierre Albert (1779-1858), Marie Josephe (1780-1780), Francois Amable (1781-1863), Marie-Elizabeth (1783-1798), Jean-Baptiste (1784), Marie-Josephte (1788-1788) and Sophie (1791). Only two of their children recorded here, Pierre Albert and Francois Amable, lived to adulthood. Marie-Elizabeth lived until she was 15 years old. They may have had other children.
Albert was born into a turbulent time. The Seven Years' War was underway and Albert's father was involved in the war. Jacques Philippe was associated with Charles Michael Langlade during the war and was credited with aiding the French struggle.
Langlade was a pioneer in present-day Wisconsin and a soldier. He was the son of a trader, Augustine Langlade, who established the settlement of Green Bay. His mother was an Ottawa woman. During the French and Indian Wars, he was allied with the French and led the Native American force that helped defeat the British army in 1755 and 1757. He served in the Quebec campaign under Montcalm. Later, after the British victory, he surrendered the fort at Mackinac to the British. He eventually became a British citizen and served on the side of the British during the Revolutionary war; however, he wasn't active in the fighting.
French Indian War
After the fall of Quebec to the British, British governance in Canada was known as the period of military rule. Martial law was established, and in the local parishes the seigneurs were authorized to hear civil cases. The people had been guaranteed religious liberty to worship. There was fighting in Montreal in 1760, and on May 9 British ships arrived in Quebec City forcing the French army back to Montreal. After meeting in 1760, the council of war at Montreal decided to capitulate. The Articles of Capitulation of Montreal were signed on September 8, 1760. Most of the fighting in North America ended with the September 8th surrender of Montreal. Thomas Gage was appointed military governor of Montreal and he was governor until 1763. He reorganized the districts in Montreal to make civil and criminal matters more efficient. He worked on the monetary system, standards of measurement, and prices charged by merchants over the next few years. Ralph Burton became governer in October of 1763 and in 1764 the military regime ended in Montreal.
Albert was married in 1775 to Marie Joseph in Montreal. Montreal was occupied by U.S. independence forces in 1775, which must have affected Albert and his new family as Isle Dupas was not that far from Montreal. The Americans tried to convince Quebec to join them, but les Canadiens refused to take up arms against British rule. Many British Loyalists moved to Canada from America, creating an English-speaking Canada. The colony continued to develop over the next 30 years.